Recognising and Responding to a Heart Attack

Posted on 13th September 2023

As a first aid training company, it is our mission to empower individuals with the knowledge and skills needed to save lives. One of the most critical emergency situations that require immediate intervention is a heart attack. It can strike anyone, anywhere, at any time, and the outcome can be fatal if not responded to appropriately.

Heart attack occurs when the blood flow to the heart is blocked, resulting in damage to the heart muscle. It is a medical emergency that requires urgent treatment, and recognising the signs and symptoms is the first step towards a positive outcome.

Recognising a Heart Attack

One of the first steps towards recognising a heart attack is to understand the symptoms. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Chest pain, pressure or tightness
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Sweating, nausea or vomiting
  4. Fatigue, weakness, or lightheadedness
  5. Pain or discomfort in the arms, neck, jaw, back, or stomach

If you or someone you know experiences any of these symptoms, it is crucial to take them seriously and act fast.

Responding to a Heart Attack

When responding to a heart attack, time is of the essence. The longer you wait to get help, the greater the damage to the heart muscle. Here are the steps you can take to help someone experiencing a heart attack:

  1. Call 999 for the emergency services right away
  2. Stay calm and keep the person calm
  3. Have them chew on a 300mg aspirin (unless they are allergic to it or they can’t usually take it)
  4. Loosen any tight clothing, and make sure they are comfortable
  5. Assist them into a position that relieves any pressure on their heart, such as sitting up
  6. If they lose consciousness, begin CPR and use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED), if available

The above steps can make all the difference between life and death in a heart attack emergency.


Heart attacks are serious medical emergencies that require swift action. As a first aid training company, we cannot stress enough the importance of recognising the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and responding accordingly. With proper education and training, you can become an invaluable first responder who saves lives. Remember, the power to make a difference is in your hands!

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